Implementation of the Strategy in the Area of Migrations and Asylum in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) is ongoing and proceeding according to plan. The IOM, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), and the Ministry of Security of BH, amongst others, are executing a project to implement certain parts of the Strategy and further build the capacity of the Ministry of Security to manage migration issues.
Bosnia and Herzegovina divides migration competences among a large number of agencies and though the capacity exists, there is a need to reinforce and enhance existing structures to ensure that the Ministry of Security can liaise promptly and effectively with the EU and other relevant stakeholders.
There is thus a need to strengthen mechanisms for collecting, sharing, and analysing data, and to augment the sharing of information. The strengthening of a structure to serve as point of reference for the EU and other relevant counterparts to attain any information pertaining to migration in BH, as well as an overview of the general situation in the country, would not only serve to enhance communication and efficiency, but also the coherence of migration management, ensuring that all state and non-state actors in BH are able to pursue a consistent agenda.
Building on existing structures of the Ministry of Security, such as the Sector for Immigration, this structure should not be operational, but rather focus on the collection, processing, and analysis of data from all relevant institutions, in order to produce reports and analysis on migration issues. These should be then distributed to all competent bodies in the Ministry of Security and the relevant agencies in order to define policies, enhance strategic planning, and augment operations.
As this strengthened body would be in line with structures existing in the EU and in other countries in the region, such an initiative would assist the process of EU integration as well as enhancing regional cooperation.
The strengthened structure should therefore be supported and capacitated to provide direction with regards to irregular migration as well as security, asylum, and economic migration and development. This would allow policy makers to better understand existing issues and challenges; strengths and weaknesses; and gaps and external needs, in order to create clearly defined baselines for formulating realistic and reasonable implementation plans for national risk assessments, for the effective functioning of the migration management system.