The project “Western Balkans Integrated Border Management Capacity Building Facility (WBIBM)” implemented by IOM and financed by Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark aims to support the authorities in the Western Balkans (WB) to effectively manage their borders and respond to border security challenges mindful of migrant protection principles.
The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures taken by governments to prevent and control the spread of the virus are having an unprecedented impact on mobility, and on border and migration management systems. In the Western Balkans, cross-border movements have been restricted and quarantine or isolation measures were put in place for travelers. With the progressive re-opening of borders, updated procedures for screening and handling ill passengers will become necessary, as well as increased supplies of protective equipment for border police officials, to ensure their safety while not disrupting passengers’ movements. The pandemic also affected around 21,000 migrants, refugees and asylum seekers currently present in the region, putting reception and protection systems under additional pressure.
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the BiH Government’s efforts to improve migration governance and development of evidence-based policies related to the migration of healthcare and ICT professionals. This will be achieved by gathering evidence on the scope, trends and impact of the emigration of women and men working in the healthcare and ICT sectors from BiH, making these findings available and providing recommendations to national authorities on how to address the challenges deriving from the situation. In addition, through a participatory approach, the project will also identify and provide seed funding to innovative solutions with the potential to mitigate the effects of brain drain and maintain quality healthcare and ICT services in the country.
Over the course of 2015, the Western Balkan countries have experienced a sharp increase in numbers of people within mixed migration flows transiting through their territory along the Western Balkan portion of the Eastern Mediterranean migratory route. The mixed migration flows consists of asylum seekers, refugees, and other migrants, including vulnerable migrants, moving towards the EU.
Overall objective of the project is to close existing gaps and operationalize a comprehensive migration management system in the Western Balkan by complementing national efforts and improve the capacity of IPA II-Beneficiaries to offer a protection sensitive response to mixed migratory flows.
The most pertinent risk in Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning radicalization is that young people may be drawn to join extremist groups as foreign fighters, ostensibly on a religiously ideological basis, but often driven – at least in part – by political, social, economic marginalization and a sense of injustice resulting from this.
In response to the growing prominence of the Western Balkans as part of the Eastern Mediterranean migration route, this project proposes to enhance the capacity of the targeted countries in the management of mixed migration lows and by ensuring that appropriate and timely assistance and protection can be provided to all transiting vulnerable migrants and asylum seeker.
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is one of the core support activities provided by IOM to migrants and Memeber States and is likely to increase in the years to come in both volumes and complexity. Top 10 host countries in 2015 represented 85 % of total, with Germany representing more than half of the total. It is worth mentioning that the AMIF (Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund) gap has impacted the number of returns from EU Member States in 2015.
The overall objective of the project is to identify and address gaps in existing care, support, and justice systems, and create an effective, comprehensive and standardized approach to dealing with survivors of CRSV. Furthermore the project aims to gain an important insight into understanding not only the drivers of high rates of sexual violence in conflict situations, but also how sexual violence impedes the full restoration of peace in post-conflict societies.
The project has three main components:
IOM facilitates visits of Swedish medical teams to perform complex operations together with local colleagues. Based on an assessment of the most frequently occurring medical evacuations, the Swedish teams are sent to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) to target those specialities in most urgent need of assistance. The Swedish teams screen, evaluate, and provide treatment for patients in BH who would otherwise need to be evacuated for medical care.