Youth from Capljina at the second MoviEQ workshop, held from January 25 to 28, through socializing, presenting, learning and thinking, realized that the world is not what it is like in the media.
IOM in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) is located at a migration crossroad between Eastern and Western Europe. The conflict in the former Yugoslavia from 1992 to 1995 destroyed the social and economic infrastructure and forced over half of citizens of BH to leave their homes. Today, the return of displaced persons and a rise in illegal migration, such as human trafficking and smuggling, make migration a major challenge for BH’s post-conflict recovery and development.
IOM initiated a mission in Sarajevo in 1992 in the basement of Koševo Hospital, setting up the MEDEVAC programme to evacuate war-wounded individuals who could not be treated locally. Following the end of the war, IOM expanded its activities to the return of refugees from abroad and to assist BH nationals resettling in third countries. Today, IOM’s programmes aim to prevent irregular migration, stop the trafficking of human beings, contribute to national development, and assist the BH Government to manage migration activities.
During the migrant and refugee crisis in 2015 - 2016, IOM - the UN Migration Agency - together with the international community, scaled up its presence in Greece and the Western Balkans, and in particular in North Macedonia and Serbia part of the so-called Western Balkan route, to support national authorities and civil society in responding to the emergency situation, and providing direct assistance and protection to migrants, particularly those most vulnerable to violence, exploitation and abuse, or a violation of their rights.
Following the significant increase of migrant arrivals to Bosnia and Herzegovina in late 2017, IOM, in coordination with State, Entity, cantonal and local authorities, scaled up its operations in key migrant locations across the country through the reinforcement of IOM Mobile Protection Teams. These mobile teams have been operating since June 2017, assisting migrants in vulnerable situations, providing safe transportation, interpretation services, provision of temporary and protection-sensitive accommodation, food and other necessities.
IOM Mobile Protection Teams – strategically located to be able to cover the entire migration route, from the Eastern border with Serbia and Montenegro to the North-West border with Croatia, and the main reception centres and informal settlements – performed vulnerability screenings and referred migrants to appropriate assistance and protection service providers.
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Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is an indispensable part of a comprehensive approach to migration managemen aiming at orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin.
The successful implementation of AVRR programmes requires the cooperation and participation of a broad range of actors, including the migrants, civil society and the governments in both host and transit countries and countries of origin. The partnerships created by IOM and a diverse range of national and international stakeholders are essential to the effective implementation of AVRR – from the return preparation to the reintegration stage.
Within this project, seven audio books have been recorded so far. The complete set of these audio books was donated to all local IOM teams in 14 municipalities in Bosnia and Herzego
vina where the project "Moving to sustainable approach in the prevention of violent extremism in the Western Balkans“ is being implemented, which they will share in their local community.
In the framework of the Joint UN project “Seeking Care, Justice and Support Survivors of Conflict Related Sexual Violence in BiH” IOM will further continue to support the implementation of the newly adopted Law by providing expert and technical support. The Law opens the possibility for CRSV survivors to access the rights and to gain the recognition through the status of victims of torture. It is very important to maintain non-discriminatory and equal access to status and rights making sure that victims are recognized and treated with dignity.
Eleven young people have, through interesting and interactive games and presentations, learned about a different view of the world, the world that is full of colors and not necessary black or white.
Through this exhibit, they want to present young volunteers and activists who worked for the wellbeing of their community and to encourage other youth to join actions of this kind. This exhibit is set in high school in Bužim and it will be open for the next five days. Besides for the students of this school, the exhibit is open for all citizens of Bužim.
The first module of the second Community Dialogue was held in Capljina. Youth from local communities Bivolje Brdo, Domanovici and Oplicici pointed to the problems they are facing. After discussing potential solutions, it was decided that two projects would be implemented in the coming period, one is "Procurement of equipment for cultural and artistic society", and the other "Procurement of sports equipment for pupils from 1st to 5th grade".
That parents are important link in any society showed the "The parents’ body" in Zenica, which ended the 3rd module of the training "Strengthening parenting skills". This time they learned about the adolescent period, and how best to act in a crisis situation.
The contracts on the implementation of the projects "Construction of multipurpose sports grounds in Jezerine" and "Arranging area around monumental medieval tombstones and arranging promenade near lake" were signed yesterday by the representatives of two youth groups from Foca and representatives of IOM.
"Little Kindergarten" in Gornji Rahic and Maoca started working this weekend! Parents from Gornji Rahic on Saturdays, and from Maoca on Sundays can bring their children in Kindergarten to play with the young volunteers from these communities.
During the courtesy visit and working meeting with Semiha Borovac, Minister of Human Rights and Refugees, Peter Van Der Auweraert, IOM Chief of Mission in BiH spoke about the necessity to have as many BiH institutions on board with the goal to issue adequate response to the migrant crisis and influx of migrants to the country, which is becoming larger.
It was emphasized that the priority now is to secure additional accommodation and protection for migrants, especially when it comes to most vulnerable population, like families, unaccompanied minors, marginalized groups.. Van der Auweraert also said that in order to receive international aid, it is necessary for Bosnia and Herzegovina to adopt clear plan of action when it comes to increased migrant influx. Such plan is being drafted and we are expecting a discussion at the BiH Council of Ministers about the mentioned topic.
The third Community Dialogue, held in Buzim, brought together youth from local communities Varoska Rijeka and Konjodor. Situation of youth assessed as ungrateful and they mentioned problems such as lack of support, free time contents, opportunities for youth and the problems of traffic safety.
The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) steps up its response to the ongoing arrivals of migrants and refugees in Bosnia and Herzegovina
27th December 2017, SARAJEVO – During the past days Bosnia and Herzegovina has faced increased influx of irregular migrants that are arriving to its eastern border with Montenegro. The latest arrivals originate mostly from North Africa, through Greece, Albania, on through Montenegro to Trebinje. They arrive in small groups composed predominantly of single adult men. From 01st January to 26 December 2017, the BiH Border police detained a total of 735 irregular migrants, which compare to total figures for 2016 of less than 100 irregular migrants. This represents a significant increase and has put the capacity of the relevant authorities and national aid agencies such as the Red Cross under strain. In response, IOM, in line with its mandate as the UN Migration Agency, has stepped up its efforts to assist them, in collaboration with other UN agencies.
How can teachers and schools contribute to the prevention of violent extremism?
Today IOM is organizing the first meeting with representatives from the Education authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina together and colleagues from the City of Helsinki, Finland, discussing how innovative approaches to learning and critical thinking can be introduced in schools.