Within INL funded regional project: "Strengthening Cross-Border Cooperation along the Western Balkan Route (CROBOWEB)", IOM has organized two sets workshop
IOM in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) is located at a migration crossroad between Eastern and Western Europe. The conflict in the former Yugoslavia from 1992 to 1995 destroyed the social and economic infrastructure and forced over half of citizens of BH to leave their homes. Today, the return of displaced persons and a rise in illegal migration, such as human trafficking and smuggling, make migration a major challenge for BH’s post-conflict recovery and development.
IOM initiated a mission in Sarajevo in 1992 in the basement of Koševo Hospital, setting up the MEDEVAC programme to evacuate war-wounded individuals who could not be treated locally. Following the end of the war, IOM expanded its activities to the return of refugees from abroad and to assist BH nationals resettling in third countries. Today, IOM’s programmes aim to prevent irregular migration, stop the trafficking of human beings, contribute to national development, and assist the BH Government to manage migration activities.
During the migrant and refugee crisis in 2015 - 2016, IOM - the UN Migration Agency - together with the international community, scaled up its presence in Greece and the Western Balkans, and in particular in North Macedonia and Serbia part of the so-called Western Balkan route, to support national authorities and civil society in responding to the emergency situation, and providing direct assistance and protection to migrants, particularly those most vulnerable to violence, exploitation and abuse, or a violation of their rights.
Following the significant increase of migrant arrivals to Bosnia and Herzegovina in late 2017, IOM, in coordination with State, Entity, cantonal and local authorities, scaled up its operations in key migrant locations across the country through the reinforcement of IOM Mobile Protection Teams. These mobile teams have been operating since June 2017, assisting migrants in vulnerable situations, providing safe transportation, interpretation services, provision of temporary and protection-sensitive accommodation, food and other necessities.
IOM Mobile Protection Teams – strategically located to be able to cover the entire migration route, from the Eastern border with Serbia and Montenegro to the North-West border with Croatia, and the main reception centres and informal settlements – performed vulnerability screenings and referred migrants to appropriate assistance and protection service providers.
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IOM’s Migration Response (as of June 2019)
UN Country Team in BiH: Joint Statement on Relocation of Migrants and Refugees to a location near Bihać
“Vucjak” poses very significant health and safety risks and is currently not equipped to accommodate migrants and refugees in accordance with international standards. The site is located very close to landmine infected areas. There is also a high fire and explosion hazard due to the possible presence of methane gas underground, as the site was a former landfill. Unless these two serious risks are assessed and eliminated by the relevant authorities, the site is unsuitable for human habitation. In addition, there are no sanitary facilities available on the site and no access to running water or electricity. Under these circumstances, locating migrants and refugees there is not acceptable.
In 2018 alone, 17.2 million new displacements associated with disasters in 148 countries and territories were recorded (IDMC) and drought displaced 764,000 people in Somalia, Afghanistan and several other countries.
(Sarajevo, 01. juni 2019.) - U privremenom prihvatnom centru Miral u Velikoj Kladuši, u jutarnjim satima u 6:20 došlo je do požara na prvom spratu hale u kojoj se nalaze spavaonice za 247 migranata.
Osoblje Međunarodne organizacije za migracije (IOM) koji borave u centru 24/7 i koji su obučeni da djeluju u kriznim situacijama, uspješno su evakuirali korisnike centra koji su se nalazili u požarom zahvaćenom dijelu zgrade.
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(Sarajevo, 1st June 2019) - At the temporary reception center Miral in Velika Kladuša, around 06:20 this morning, a fire broke out on the first floor of the dormitory which accommodates 247 migrant and refugees.
IOM staff which is present in the centers 24/7 and is trained to respond to such events, quickly responded and successfully evacuated the migrants from the burning part of the building.
IOM organized the ninth regular coordination meeting of the directors of Border Police agencies from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Kosovo*
These regular gatherings serve to exchange information on migration trends and routes as well as main changes in smugglers’ modus operandi. Having in mind that in summer usually the number of arrivals increase, representatives of the Western Balkan countries working on risk analysis and contingency planning have also been included in the discussion.
Youth from Gornja Tuzla, within the framework of the second “Community Dialogue”, identified few problems in their local community and made proposals of two projects to adress these problems. These are the proposed projects: finding and equipping a space that would be a corner for youth from Gornja Tuzla and reconstruction of a playground for the youngest, who currently have no place to spend their free time.
First MoviEQ workshop, activity within the framework of the project "Community Based Approaches to Support Youth in Local Communities in BIH" was held in Cazin, and 12 young people with their energy and empathy proved that Cazin is a community where there is a room for such projects.
the local IOM team from Prijedor presented the project of building a Street Workout Park in the community of Urije. Activities planned in the second "Community Dialogue" were presented to the head of the mission of IOM in BiH, Peter Van Der Auweraert, Coordinator of the project "Support to Youth in Local Communities in BiH" Mirza Omerhodžić and Grant Manager, Kristina Šešlija.
During the "Community Dialogue" in Zavidovici, three groups of youth presented their projects: "Etiquette - Manners", Promotion of the City "I Love Zavidovici" and Educational corner "Little Mermaid" to the Selection Panel. The meeting was also attended by the mayor of Zavidovici Hasim Mujanovic.
Global Migration Film Festival and International Migrants Day Celebration in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cinema and Migration. It’s a magical bond that began over a century ago when filmmakers, many of whom were immigrants themselves, began making movies about a world on the move. Their films brought the dramatic, poignant and comic stories of migrants to diverse audiences, through a language of images and emotions that were meaningful to every culture.
During his annual report, William L. Swing highlights that IOM is the only organization whose constitution mentions displaced persons:
Socijalni radnici iz pet Centara za socijalni rad iz BiH (Ilidža, Trebinje, Bihać, Banjaluka i Bijeljina), s kolegama iz Crne Gore posjetili su Prihvatne centre i Centre za azil u Bivšoj jugoslovenskoj republici Makedoniji i Srbiji.
PRESS RELEASE: Family Members Linked to Nearly Half of Child Trafficking: New IOM, Polaris Data
SAOPĆENJE ZA MEDIJE: Članovi porodice povezani sa gotovo polovinom slučajeva trgovine djecom, Novi podaci IOM-a i Polarisa
Young activists from Jablanica finalized the project of setting up the lighting pillars and reflectors on the playground Deponija, in the community of Ostrožac, and a match between young people from the local community and representatives of the Municipality of Jablanica was held on that occasion.