Over the course of 2015, the Western Balkan countries have experienced a sharp increase in numbers of people within mixed migration flows transiting through their territory along the Western Balkan portion of the Eastern Mediterranean migratory route. The mixed migration flows consists of asylum seekers, refugees, and other migrants, including vulnerable migrants, moving towards the EU.
The most pertinent risk in Bosnia and Herzegovina concerning radicalization is that young people may be drawn to join extremist groups as foreign fighters, ostensibly on a religiously ideological basis, but often driven – at least in part – by political, social, economic marginalization and a sense of injustice resulting from this.
In response to the growing prominence of the Western Balkans as part of the Eastern Mediterranean migration route, this project proposes to enhance the capacity of the targeted countries in the management of mixed migration lows and by ensuring that appropriate and timely assistance and protection can be provided to all transiting vulnerable migrants and asylum seeker.
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is one of the core support activities provided by IOM to migrants and Memeber States and is likely to increase in the years to come in both volumes and complexity. Top 10 host countries in 2015 represented 85 % of total, with Germany representing more than half of the total. It is worth mentioning that the AMIF (Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund) gap has impacted the number of returns from EU Member States in 2015.
The overall objective of the project is to identify and address gaps in existing care, support, and justice systems, and create an effective, comprehensive and standardized approach to dealing with survivors of CRSV. Furthermore the project aims to gain an important insight into understanding not only the drivers of high rates of sexual violence in conflict situations, but also how sexual violence impedes the full restoration of peace in post-conflict societies.
The project has three main components:
IOM facilitates visits of Swedish medical teams to perform complex operations together with local colleagues. Based on an assessment of the most frequently occurring medical evacuations, the Swedish teams are sent to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) to target those specialities in most urgent need of assistance. The Swedish teams screen, evaluate, and provide treatment for patients in BH who would otherwise need to be evacuated for medical care.
As regards the management of migration in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), the previous decade has constituted a period of success. However, additional support is needed to maintain momentum within these areas and to effectively and efficiently implement the Strategy in the Area of Migrations and Asylum and Action Plan for the Period 2012 - 2015 (Strategy and Action Plan 2015 - 2015).
The project focuses on elderly Roma and its overall objective is to strengthen the NGOs network amongst Roma communities by providing direct assistance to Roma in their later years of life. Given also that the experiences of Roma during the Holocaust and their suffering as a nation is often forgotten, the project aims to ensure recognition of what these individuals have undergone and survived and to raise awareness of the events of the Holocaust as it affected Roma, giving these forgotten survivors a voice.
This comprehensive return and reintegration project assists migrants from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH), living in various countries in Europe and in Canada, to return to BH. The project includes migrants who were asylum seekers, those living in an irregular situation, as well as those who were granted international protection or with a residence permit. The project offers information and counselling on voluntary return to BH and assistance with return, reception, and reintegration.