- International Consultant - Institutional Strengthening, Establishing a Formal Referral Mechanism for Prevention Violent Extremism in Bosnia and Herzegovina
IOM in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) is located at a migration crossroad between Eastern and Western Europe. The conflict in the former Yugoslavia from 1992 to 1995 destroyed the social and economic infrastructure and forced over half of citizens of BH to leave their homes. Today, the return of displaced persons and a rise in illegal migration, such as human trafficking and smuggling, make migration a major challenge for BH’s post-conflict recovery and development.
IOM initiated a mission in Sarajevo in 1992 in the basement of Koševo Hospital, setting up the MEDEVAC programme to evacuate war-wounded individuals who could not be treated locally. Following the end of the war, IOM expanded its activities to the return of refugees from abroad and to assist BH nationals resettling in third countries. Today, IOM’s programmes aim to prevent irregular migration, stop the trafficking of human beings, contribute to national development, and assist the BH Government to manage migration activities.
IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society.
As the leading international organization for migration, IOM acts with its partners in the international community to:
- Assist in meeting the growing operational challenges of migration management,
- Advance understanding of migration issues,
- Encourage social and economic development through migration, and
- Uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants.
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Through practical examples, the trainer tried to explain basic elements needed for project writing, bringing terms and elements necessary for making project framework closer to participants, including SWOT analysis (analysis helping the making of the strategy) and smart methodology. Participants had also a chance to get familiar with basic and necessary project activities that make a project justified and useful.
The project is conceived as a series of activities from renovation of school yard, sports activities, workshops with students to joint trips.
The participants of this workshop came to a conclusion that free time activities, sport and other associations and activities that they offer, are a good recipe for solving the problems listed above, with the emphasis on the activities that are offered in their local community. The participants said this was very useful for them, and they are ready and motivated to, not only help their children to use their free time the best, but to motivate their children to create ways, venues and opportunities for adequate use of free time.
Dialogue was also attended by parents, members of youth council, media and other guests. After the groups presented their ideas, the Board made project pre-selection and provided further guidance and suggestions on what to do in the next couple of days and how to improve their projects. The final selection is scheduled for Friday 9th November 2018, which is set as deadline for the youth to correct all deficiencies in the application.
IOM organised workshop on the improvement of procedures for achieving the status of a special category of civilian victims of war
In the scope of the UN joint project “Seeking Care, Support and Justice for Survivors of Conflict Sexual Violence”, in cooperation with Ministry of labour and social policies, IOM has organized a workshop on the improvement of procedures for achieving the status of a special category of civilian victims of war.
Members of Commission providing the expert opinion on status of the survivors of sexual violence moderated the workshop, and around 50 representatives from relevant institutions in Sarajevo Canton are informed on impediments to the implementation of the FBiH level legal framework. During the workshop, FBiH Commission and listed stakeholders (Centres for Social Work, Mental Health Centre, municipal bodies and survivor’s associations ) exchanged their knowledge in order to harmonize procedures with the provided instructions by the Commission.
On the occasion the European Anti-Trafficking Day, the Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina / Department for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings in cooperation with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Lara Foundation from Bijeljina, the RING Network and MFS-EMMAUS organized a press conference aiming at presenting the current situation, with the challenges to be confronted in preventing trafficking in persons, and the activities undertaken through cross-sectoral cooperation between relevant institutions and organizations in the fight against this phenomenon. The conference was held at the UN House in Sarajevo on October 18, 2018. The event was an opportunity to present the returns of the IOM’s regional project Enhancing Counter Trafficking in Crisis in the Western Balkans such as Analytical report on human trafficking in crisis situations in the Western Balkans, Guidelines for work of regional monitoring teams for combating trafficking in human beings in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Facebook page #supportformigrants and Mobile App Support for Migrants.
The response to the migrant situation in BiH is being stepped up as the CEB Vice Governor and IOM Chief of Mission signed a EUR 1 million grant agreement for the opening of a reception center in Hadzici, Sarajevo. CEB Vice Governor, Rosa-Maria Sanchez Yebra, visited the center, which will host up to 400 persons.
Interview with Mr Peter Van Der Auweraert, Chief of International Organization for Migration in BiH and Sub-regional Coordinator of mentioned organization for Western Balkans
Peter Van Der Auweraert, IOM Representative in BiH and Western Balkans Sub-regional Coordinator, Mijo Kresic, Deputy Minister of Security of BiH and Nedzad Korajlic, Dean of the Faculty of Criminalistics, Criminology and Security Studies of the University of Sarajevo spoke about this issue for TV1.
In a world where more than a third of countries criminalize consensual same-sex relationships, disclosing your gender identity and sexual orientation can be extremely dangerous. For internally displaced members of the lesbian, gay, bi-sexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) community, it can also cripple livelihoods and even be life-threatening.
The injustice that the LGBTI community faces in non-emergency settings does not simply disappear in times of crisis or when people become displaced, in fact, it is usually amplified.
LGBTI internally displaced persons face complex challenges and threats during all stages of displacement. These include discrimination, prejudice, violence, difficulty accessing humanitarian services and barriers to articulating their protection needs.
Peter Van der Auweraert, the Western Balkans Sub-regional Coordinator of the International Organization for Migration pointed out that smugglers from BiH are often part of the international criminal networks:
“Large majority of immigrants in BiH used smugglers at one point. If they didn’t, such journeys would not be possible to organize. It is hard to detect the smugglers, due to the fact that most of the smugglers routes are international ones. Those are not necessarily the routes of Bosnia, Albania, Montenegro. They are international.”
In first 2 months of 2018, 200 persons requested asylum and got free legal aid, mainly males, says NGO Your Rights. “We are acting in their behalf in the procedures of asylum seeking, we provide advice, information. If the asylum is approved, we are leading them through the procedures of realizing their refugee rights. If the MoS passes the negative decision, we are pressing charges with the Court of BiH”. The goal of each migrant is their personal thing. “It is not good to talk about their goals because we are entering the essence of individual cases. We should bare on mind that asylum process is secret”. “The Law on Foreigners and the Law on Asylum do not prescribe sanctions for providing humanitarian aid. The Law envisages sanctions to the private and physical persons who are providing accommodation to foreigners without reporting their residence. If someone has rented an apartment to the persons without documents, that one is not guilty because was not obliged to know about that”, says Your Rights.
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Za prva dva mjeseca 2018. godine 200 lica je u procesu traženja azila u BiH dobilo besplatnu pravnu pomoć u nevladinoj organizaciji „Vaša prava“, uglavnom samci muškog pola, kažu u ovoj nevladinoj organizaciji specijalizovanoj za besplatnu pravnu pomoć. „Zastupamo ih u proceduri traženja azila na način da ih savjetujemo, informišemo i pomažemo u procesu registracije i intervjua. Ako dobiju azil, vodimo ih kroz proceduru ostvarivanja izbjegličkih prava. Ako Ministarstvo sigurnosti BiH, koje je nadležno za postupak azila, donese negativnu odluku, pišemo tužbu Sudu BiH“, pojašnjavaju u „Vašim pravima“. Napominju da je cilj svakog azilanta u BiH lična stvar. „Nezahvalno je govoriti o tome šta je njihov cilj u BiH jer ulazimo u suštinu individualnih slučajeva. Treba imati u vidu da je postupak azila tajan“, kažu u „Vašim pravima“ i napominju da pružanje pomoći iregularnim migrantima i tražiteljima azila nije nezakonita radnja.